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However, Aristotelian metaphysics gave rise to doctrines about God and the universe that were found highly objectionable by a number of Muslim theologians, among whom the fourteenth-century scholar Ibn Taymiyya stood foremost. First, this has been reported to be their own convention. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, without the prior permission in writing of Oxford University Press.

Unlike Ghazali, who rejected philosophical metaphysics but embraced logic, Ibn Taymiyya considered the two inextricably connected. We argue that if the definition is the statement of the definer, then the one who defines knows the thing defined either by means of definition or by other means. For his critique of the legal schools and their fiqh, see Morris, ‘Ibn Arabi’s “Esotericism”: Enam Dehvari rated it really liked it Jul 02, What is meant by ‘and the like’ is a description which employs accidental rather than essential attributes in forming a concept of a thing.

Second, it may be argued that what is intended by ‘definition’ is the definiendum itself. In literally dozens of his treatises, Ibn Taymiyya untiringly asserts time and again that universals can never exist in the external world; they can exist only in the mind and nowhere else. Our opinion of those who differen- tiate between existence and quiddity is expressed elsewhere.

Laoust Essai, 86 also observes the same characteristic in metaphysics, where Ibn Taymiyya plays the philosophers against each other. It is interesting to note that the argument contained in this paragraph has been reproduced without being abridged, and Ibn Taymiyya says nothing elsewhere to shed further light on it.

Sources of the Critique xli different from that conceived by Ibn Taymiyya and the Stoicsbut was also largely irrelevant to Ibn Taymiyya’s critique.

But if without a definition the hearer does form a concept of the definiendum, whether before, simultaneously with, or subsequent to hearing the report, and if he comes to know that this is its definition, only then will he know the truthfulness of that definition.


Not only does she take no note whatsoever of the Leiden manuscript, but her work is dis- tressingly replete with misprints and errors.

Ibn Taymiyya Against the Greek Logicians

The purpose of a definition in either case is to clarify only the nominatum as well as to draw a distinction between the definiendum and other things, but not to form a concept of the definiendum. At other times, however, even two premisses may be insufficient to yield a conclusion, and thus three or more premisses may be required. This, by my life, pertains to definitions that contain no falsehood.

Hallaq’s work should be viewed as an important contribution to Ibn Taymiyah studies, one that largely appreciates and critically evaluates the thought of this important intellectual of the Mamluk period. Subjects were divided into man- ageable units, and each unit was, as a rule, treated in full before the transition to another unit occurred.

Prior to them nations knew the realities of things without such an taymiyyw, and so did most nations after them.

Bello – – E. The Best Books of Universality in so far as it is universality, being a logical construct, was generally considered to exist only in the mind without having any ontological status externally.

The number of Ibn Taymeeyah’s teachers exceeds two hundred. By using our website you agree to our use of lgicians. If we know for certain that whenever A exists, B also exists, we can infer with all certainty that B exists logiciabs we observe A to be in existence.

Ibn Taymiyya Against the Greek Logicians : Ibn Taymiyyah :

I noticed that as far as logic was concerned, its syllogisms and most of its other methods serve rather to explain to another what o n e already knows, or e v ggreek nas in the art of Lully, to speak freely and without judgment of what one does not k n o wthan to learn new things. The taymyya arguments he adduced to vindicate this position could have been extended—I believe with relative ease—to a more serious charge that the syllogism inherently begs the question.

The process may be different but the result is identical.

But Ibn Taymiyya rejected the view, espoused by the philosophers, that universals abstracted in this fashion or otherwise partake in the individuals in the external world. How could taymihya yield knowledge when the hearer knows that the informant is againsh infallible in what he says?


Even if we assume the unlikely, namely, that there might have been other editions, it would have been considered quite injudicious on the part of the editors to resort to agalnst received or lesser-known editions. Greek philosophyIslamic intellectual historyIbn Taymiyyaphilosophical logicMuslim.

Having observed that two equal parts of one thing constitute two halves, the mind, upon observing the recurrence of this phenomenon in a number of qualitatively different particulars, will form the generalization that one is half of two.

History of Western Philosophy. In the same vein, an essence in itself is neither universal nor particular, and in order for it to become universal, 42 al-Radd, 71 Ibn Taymiyya answers that it does not. Another categorization may issue from the content of arguments, not their form.

Judgements presuppose the formation of concepts in the mind, for if ‘world’ and ‘created’ are not individually apprehended, the mind cannot conceive the judgement ‘the world is created’. This book is available as part of Oxford Scholarship Online – view abstracts and keywords at book and chapter level. In this case, the real essence changes in accordance with the alteration of the quality of ripeness, a quality not reflected in the English usage. Without meeting these requirements a syllogism will be either impossible or irrevocably defective.

Ibn Taymiyya’s opponents and his refutation of the logicians; sources of the critique; Ibn Taymiyya’s discourse; the Arabic texts; notes on the translation. Therefore, we have proved that in either case the hearer does not form a concept of the definiendum by means of definition. Ibn Taymiyya’s Refutation xv definition and syllogistics.

Ibn Taymiyya against the Greek Logicians

Likewise, within one and the same language, the term ‘laughing’ may be used to indicate ‘man’ by entailment, since man is the only ‘laughing’ being. But Ibn Taymiyya does not seem to pogicians been ready to make such a categorical charge. Don’t have an account?