measurements can determine the topography of the ocean floor, and have shown that the This steep embankment is called the continental slope and is grooved by The hypsographic curve shows the amount of Earth’s surface at various. Next, a simple hydrostatic balance between continent and ocean gives average that the ocean floor on each plate is produced and moves away Sea level variations, global sedimentation rates and the hypsographic. Oceans and Atmosphere-Hypsography of the Continents and Ocean Floor: Questions of 5. Get to the point CSIR (Council of Scientific & Industrial Research).

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Freeman and Company, The hypsographic curve shows the amount of Earth’s surface at various elevations and depths. The continental shelf ends at a sudden dropoff called the shelf break. Guyots are drowned volcanic islands that become submerged due to subsidence of the oceanic lithosphere.

Twin sheets of fresh, mile-thick crust emerge from the mantle along the sides of the conyinents valley and flow slowly away from it in opposite directions. Fo percent of the earth’s surface is “deep” ocean and how deep is “deep” ocean considered?

This gradual zone, which may be several hundred miles wide, is called the continental rise. Choices Choice 4 Response a. Choose your exam and excel with our exclusive exam prep resources: Type the code shown: The abyssal plains of the Atlantic appear smooth because its abyssal hills are buried under a thick blanket of continental sediment, but in the Pacific Ocean basin, which is ringed by trenches that trap sediments before they can spread over the ocean floor, tens of thousands of unburied abyssal hills have been observed.

Divergence of of oceanic and continental plates c.

Divergence of oceanic plates d. Continental shelves and slopes account for about another 15 percent, abyssal plains and mid-ocean ridge systems for almost 50 percent, and deep-sea trenches account for a small fraction. Get 1 year subscription: Continental shelf- shore-continental slope. Bathymetric mapping involves the production of ocean and sea maps based upon bathymetric data see historic map.


For hundreds of years, the only way to measure ocean depth was the sounding line, a weighted rope or wire that was lowered overboard until it touched the ocean floor. This flat, wide margin is found around every continent and is known as the continental shelf.

Neumann, Gerhard, and Willard Pierson. The older, more distant parts of these growing sheets of crust are gradually covered by sediments, eventually becoming the abyssal plains and continental rises described above. Sea breeze circulation experienced over Pune having a horizontal length scale of and a horizontal wind speed of.

Not only was this method time-consuming, it was inaccurate; ship drift or water currents could drag the line off at an angle, which would exaggerate the depth reading. There it ends as the slope moderates to a mere degree or two from horizontal. Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic: In the twentieth century, sounding lines were entirely replaced by sonar systems.

This steep embankment is called the continental slope and is grooved by submarine canyons and gullies. The hypsographic curve shows what percentage of Earth’s surface rises above present-day sea level to a given height, or sinks below it to a given depth.

Ocean-Floor Bathymetry

The average width of a continental shelf is 70 kilometers 43 ffloor. The oceans begins, of course, at the shore, the irregular boundary where the surface of a continent descends first to sea level and then beneath it. The oceanic crust that is forced to submerge or subduct in this manner slides down into the mantle at an angle.

Continental slope-continental shelf-shore c. Access detailed explanations illustrated with images and videos to questions. The term bathymetry is defined as the depth of water relative to sea level.

The hypsography of the ocean floor

Bathymetric maps represent the ocean depth as a function of geographical coordinates in the same way topographic maps represent the altitude of Earth’s surface at different geographic points. Access all new questions we will add tracking exam-pattern and syllabus changes. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Some features, such as mid-ocean ridges where oceanic crust is constantly produced and subduction zones, also called deep-sea trenches where it is constantly destroyedare unique to the hyspography floor.


Show my email publicly. Larry Gilman and K. Here, the ocean conntinents is marked by thousand-mile cracks called fracture zones that lie at right angles across the mid-ocean ridge.

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Some continental margins are characterized by subduction zones, whereby oceanic crust is destroyed beneath the edge of a continental plate. From this valley, new oceanic crust is constantly being extruded from Earth’s mantle by processes not yet fully understood. A tornado over Bangladesh with wind speed of and horizontal length scale of. The Ocean Floor in Cross-Section The oceans begins, of course, at the shore, the irregular boundary where the surface of a continent descends first to sea level and then beneath it.

Your Shopping Cart is empty. The vertical dashed line marks the division between land and sea at present-day sea level. The curve shows that a small percentage of Earth’s surface consists of high-altitude hypsogrxphy mountains, 30 percent of the surface consists of continental lowlands.

Continental shelf-continental slope-shore d. In addition, Murray’s map gave birth to the idea of the Telegraphic Plateau, a submarine land formation from Canada to the British Isles, across which the first transatlantic cable was laid. Continental Slope and Rise. The disappearance of oceanic crust into subduction zones is occurring primarily along the western, northern, and eastern edges of the Pacific Ocean.

The elevation features of the ocean floor—shelves, slopes, rises, plains, ridges, and trenches—are quantitatively summarized by oceanographers, along with the distribution of dry land at different altitudes, in a graph called the hypsographic curve see the figure. Horizontal dashed lines indicate average height of the continents at meters 2, feet above sea level, and average depth of the oceans at 3, meters 12, feet below sea level. Convergence of oceanic plates.