Our objectives are to maintain the Halliwick Concept of swimming for disabled people and to develop the concept and teaching and treatment method in. With the advent of the General Data Protection Regulation, we have put together some guidance for Halliwick clubs as to how this will affect them and what they. Halliwick AST – UK (Halliwick Association of Swimming Therapy), from material . And so the Halliwick Method (now known as the ‘Halliwick Concept’) was.

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Orthopaedics for the physical therapist assistant. Most Halliwick therapy is active dynamic to facilitate movement and sensory input. What is the Halliwick Concept? The Halliwick Concept was originally developed by fluid mechanics engineer James McMillan in the late s and s, at the Halliwick School for Girls with Disabilities in London, to teach physically disabled people independence in water.

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The Halliwick Concept – AQUA4BALANCE

This reaction is thought to:. Independence is an important prerequisite for participation in therapeutic, vocational or recreational activities in a group: The second part of the concept, Halliwick Aquatic Therapy also known as Water Specific Therapy, WSTapplies the fundamental biophysical principles and the underlying principles of the Ten-Point-Programme for planning and implementing patient-specific aquatic therapy.

It has resemblances to Bobath and Conductive education.

Body temperature water offers a unique and ideal medium for freeing energy. The Halliwick Ten-Point-Programme implements the concept in a progressive programme of mental adjustment, disengagement, and development of motor control, with an emphasis on rotational control, and applies the programme to teach physically nethod people balance controlswimmingand independence.

Welcome to the International Halliwick Association (IHA)

In this sense Halliwick is a constraint-induced movement therapy without the disadvantage of hallliwick compensation. The most important part of this program is rotational control.


Decreased heart rate Decreased rate of respiration Increased depth of respiration Increased peripheral vasodilatation Increased smooth muscle activity digestion Decreased activation of striated muscles skeletal Decreased spasticity Decreased muscle spasm Decreased reticular activating system RAS activity Enhanced immune system response.

Alcohol and smoking are prohibited during activities.

Promoting the Halliwick Concept of Swimming & Rehabilitation in Water

Halliwick Aquatic Therapy is a problem-solving approach, in that specific possibilities and constraints of the client are analyzed in order to plan a systematic intervention to help the client gain functional increases. There are several precautions you need to consider before participating the thermal aquatic bodywork: The first part of the Halliwick Concept implements the Halliwick Ten-Point-Programme to develop balance control, swimming skills, and indendence: Buoyancy provides an easy way to change position, which influences the vestibular system as in sensory integration.

It uses a holistic task-directed approach within the context of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health ICFin particular postural control, normalizing muscle stiffness, and facilitation of movement to attain functional goals on land. The Halliwick Ten-Point-Programme has been applied for teaching swimming to people with disability, as well as more broadly as a general approach to teaching swimming and working with disability.

Halliwick also enables a graded activity program: Mostly Halliwick is dynamic to help movement and sensory input.

Hydrotherapy Massage Physical medicine and rehabilitation Physical therapy. According to the Halliwick Concept, physical properties of water form the basis for therapeutic intervention: The mechanical advantages of water support the abilities of the trunk in a mobilising and stabilising way.

The Halliwick Concept

In neurological and pediatric rehabilitation, people can experience early mobility. The Halliwick Concept focuses on biophysical principles of motor control in water, in particular developing halliwck of balance equilibrioception and core stability. Washington State University Press.


Frees the spinal vertebrae Rotates joint articulations Elongates muscles All of the above benefits are simply not possible with land exercise. A Ten Point Program is used to reach these goals. Many activities easily can be repeated and varied and clients can learn balance- and stumble- strategies, which have carry-over effects to dry land. This application in fall prevention is extended by using obstacle courses or Halliwock Chi.

The Concept has influenced aquatic therapy techniques and has been developed into specific therapeutic exercises. In this sense Halliwick is balliwick constraint-induced movement therapy without the disadvantage of gravity compensation.

These benefits include physical, personal, recreational, social and therapeutic aspects. Many activities easily can be repeated and varied and people can learn balance and stumble strategies, which have carry-over effects to dry land.

The first part of the concept, the Halliwick Ten-Point-Programme, incorporates these biophysical principles and focuses on mental adjustment, disengagement, and development of motor control, with an emphasis on rotational control, and is applied to teach participation in water activities, moving independently in water, and swimming.

The effect of aquatic therapy on postural balance and muscular strength in stroke survivors – a randomized controlled trial. Halliwick Aquatic Therapy is a system-oriented aquatic motor re learning approach, which includes elements of the Ten-Point-Programme. These torques can be used to increase load on connective tissue.

The mechanical advantages of water support the abilities of the trunk in a mobilising and stabilising way.