Hallermann-Streiff syndrome (HSS) is a rare disorder that is primarily characterized by distinctive malformations of the skull and facial (craniofacial) region;. Hallermann-Streiff syndrome (HSS) is a rare genetic disorder that is primarily characterized by distinctive malformations of the skull and facial region, sparse hair. Hallermann-Streiff syndrome is characterized by a typical skull shape ( brachycephaly with frontal bossing), hypotrichosis, microphthalmia, cataracts, beaked.

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A typical Hallermann-Streiff-Francois syndrome in three successive generations. Upper airway obstruction may result from small nares and glossoptosis tongue falling backwards secondary to micrognathia, and these may lead to cor pulmonale [ 3 ]. From families with an affected child, there is little evidence for this being a recessively inherited disorder in which both parents are carriers normal looking but carry the mutation.

Abnormal softening of cartilage of the windpipe tracheomalacia has also been reported in some cases, which may further complicate swallowing and breathing difficulties. Treatments centre around the particular symptoms in each individual. Sign in to access your subscriptions Sign in to your personal account. Nucci P, et al.

Create a free personal account to make a comment, download free article PDFs, sign up for alerts and more. They regarded the condition as a severe and lethal form of HSS. A bonus to all MIMmatch users is the option to sign up for updates on new gene-phenotype relationships. Ophthalmologic manifestations of Hallermann-Streiff-Francois syndrome: Regular visits to an ophthalmologist to monitor and deal with other eye problems, some of which may require surgery, are strongly recommended.


Such resulted in biventricular cardiac failure and death at the age of 6 months. Introduction Hallermann-Streiff syndrome was first described in the medical literature in Other treatment is symptomatic and supportive.

Hallermann Streiff Syndrome – NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders)

Mirshekari and Safar described a year-old woman with Hallermann-Streiff syndrome. Other search option s Alphabetical list.

The content of the website and databases of the National Organization for Rare Disorders NORD is copyrighted and may not be reproduced, copied, downloaded or disseminated, in any way, for any commercial or public purpose, without prior written gallermann and approval from NORD.

Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome is due to a de novo heterozygous mutation in the lamin A gene LMNA on chromosome 1q Recommended disease management may also include surgical reconstruction of certain craniofacial malformations particularly the mandibular and nasal region at the appropriate age. Sur deux cas de syndrome dyscephalique a tete d’oiseau.

Forsius and de la Chapelle found normal chromosomes in 2 cases. Diagnosis is based on the physical characteristics and symptoms.


Hallermann-Streiff syndrome was first described by Charles Aubry in Except for the posterior retinal pigment epithelium temporal to the fovea, the retinal pigment epithelium exhibited a mottled appearance. Acheiropodia Ectromelia Phocomelia Amelia Hemimelia. Infobox medical condition new All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May Core manifestations of this syndrome include marked pre-natal and severe post-natal growth retardation, an unusual face triangular shape, sparse hair, small mouth, pointed chindental anomalies natal teeth; hypodontiageneralized lipodystrophy with localized fat masses, and-in some cases-progressive ataxia and tremor.


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Rare Disease Database

It is most likely due to a de novo mutation[6] and it may be associated syreiff the GJA1 gene. Can’t read the image? Unfortunately, it is not free to produce. Hallermann-Streiff syndrome is frequently characterized by dental abnormalities.

The Johns Hopkins University.

This page halleramnn last edited on 26 Novemberat Preauricular sinus and cyst. Koliopoulos and Palimeris observed 5 cases in 3 generations with male-to-male transmission. A fluorescein angiogram without red-free or color photography of an exceptional case diagnosed at 11 years of age showed multiple areas of choroidal leakage. Neonatal teeth may be present. Radiologic findings in 5 cases and in the literature were reviewed by Christian et al.