On 11 January the British Empire went to war with the independent kingdom of Zululand. The British anticipated a swift and decisive victory, placing great. British Fortifications in Zululand by Ian Knight, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. Author: Ian Knight, Illustrator: Adam Hook About this book: On 11 January the British Empire went to war with the independent kingdom of Zululand.

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The basic trace of fortificatoins work wa finished by the end of the first week of February, but a no Zulu attack had materialised, Wynne was able to add significant improvements. Acknowledge receipt of this message at once and flash back your latest moves.

The straight faces allowed for a concentration of fire on each side as appropriate, but the corners afforded a ‘dead zone’, untouched by the fire from the sides. By the time the 24th returned to the post, a handful of survivors had already reached it, and began feverishly bgitish it for defence.

In its final form, the fort at Helpmekaar consisted of an oblong, with projecting bastions at all four corners. The war went badly for the British from the first.

Battle of Ulundi

But it is one thing to discern the basic trace of a fortificatkons it is another to ascertain details of design and construction. The stone civilian laager is visible close to the buildings. One column – the 1st Division – advanced up the coast, suppressing local resistance, while a new coiumn – the 2nd Division – advanced in tandem with Wood’s old column from the north.

The Boers complied on the condition beitish Umtonga’s life was spared, and in Mpande signed a deed transferring this land to the Brifish. When Pearson decided to reduce the size of the garrison, it was judged feasible to return some of the transport oxen to the border. Lord Chelmsford had broken Xhosa resistance by establishing protected camps in enemy territory, to act as supply depots and operational bases, and sweeping out from these to contain and destroy the Xhosa armies.


British Fortifications in Zululand – Ian Knight – Google Books

The Engineers crossed on the 13th, and Pearson instructed Wynne to select a ite for a large earthwork, which was to protect the stores that would be accumulated for the coming advance.

The Best Books of A more established road, known as the Jagter’s Pad or ‘hunters’ road’, skirted the Kahlamba foothills and passed north through the area disputed by the Zulus and the Transvaal. This category excludes march laagers, the perimeters of which were surrounded by shelter-trenches.

All enquiries should be addressed to: Frere has been accused of chicanery by taking deliberate advantage of the length of time it took for correspondence to pass between South Africa and London to conceal his intentions from his political masters or at least defer giving them the necessary information until it was too late for them to act.

To warn the garri on the word ‘torpedo’ wa painted on a ign nailed to the tak. The fort was appropriately known as Fort Bengough. Outside the perimeter, the outlying buildings, beyond the stream, were destroyed with gun-cotton, while the atal ative Pioneers worked to clear the bush. Wolseley’s efforts to reach the front had been in vain. But generally, the average was between 70 and m, paired redoubts being half the size of single ones.

Indeed, the majority of the Zulu probably spent most of the battle crouching down in the bush, searching for an opportunity to exploit British weaknesses by short, determined rushes. After holding this position with great determination, they abandoned the attack and retired to the cover of a rocky outcrop further east.

Knightp. The speed of the charge made it seem as if the Zulu reserves would get close enough to engage in hand-to-hand combat but no warrior reached the British ranks. This culminated in with the Battle of Ndondakusukawhich left Mbuyazi dead.

The Royal Engineers Responsibility for building and destroying fortifications in the British Army together with surveying, road building, demolition, ballooning, military railways and even photography – fell to the Corps of Royal Engineer.


Historical Dictionary of the Zulu Wars.

On 3 July, with negotiations having broken down, Colonel Buller led a cavalry force across the river to reconnoitre the ground beyond. The Zulus were driven off, however, and Pearson resumed his advance; the following day he occupied his first objective, the mission station at Eshowe.

His instinct proved right, for 3, Zulus rose from the long grass at that moment and fired a fusilladebefore charging forth. He was finally captured on 28 August by soldiers under Wolseley’s command at a kraal in the middle of the Ngome forest. Exacting revenge for the Hlobane debacle the day before, they chased the Zulu across several miles of country, cutting down hundreds who were too tired to resist.

Anglo-Zulu War Combat. As temporary fieldworks, they were mainly built of earth, though stone was used when it was available. The remainder of the column would dig in.

Anglo-Zulu War – Wikipedia

There is a suggestion that he asked for Rorke’s Drift to be fortified, but there was no sense of urgency, and the troops designated for the task were still at Helpmekaar when the fighting began. The livestock were driven into the cattle laager each night, but the ground was regularly cleared of manure, which was deposited on a rubbish heap SOO yards away to the west.

Adam Hook studied graphic design and began his work as an illustrator in Realising this, Wood sent his mounted men to harry the Zulu right into making an unsupported attack. Cathar Castles Marcus Cowper. Sent north, to attack Wood’s column, it caught Wood’s mounted detachments isolated at Hlobane mountain on 28 March, and routed them; the following day, however, the same regiment who had triumphed at Isandlwana attacked Wood’s column at Khambula, and were decisively defeated.