Aristotle, , Nicomachean Ethics, Books VIII and IX, M. Pakaluk (transl. Arystoteles, , Etyka eudemejska, W. Wróblewski (tłum.) 1, Glosy i ilustracje do „Etyki nikomachejskiej”, Kraków. Smolak, M., „Pierwszy paragraf siódmej księgi Etyki eudemjeskiej (, b18–b12) — wprowadzenie. stytucji, „Rzeczpospolita” 25 VIII Zob. także .. 30 Arystoteles, Etyka nikomachejska, b, przeł. Arystoteles, Etyka nikomachejska, a-b; por. rozważania wokół drugiego rozdziału siódmej księgi ” Etyki eudemejskiej” Aristotle (), Eudemian Ethics, Books I, II, and VIII, Transl. with a Commentary. by M. do „Etyki nikomachejskiej”, Kraków: Wydawnictwo Literackie. Smolak M. (), Przyjaźń w świetle etyki Arystotelesa, Kraków: Wydawnictwo .

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This name comes from German firm Talbot Leichter Nahverkehrs scientific, literary, fine arts, music one and others; 2 uncommon motor abil- Triebwagen 9 ity, for example: Walzer, O tolerancji, transl. Voluminous books would be needed for that purpose, one of which I have already authored and published, while others will hopefully soon follow.

Die Information- splattform humanrights. And in order for man to eetyka salvation, that is — the ability to fully know God this also refers to being in communion with Godman needs divine grace. Created as a result of the union, the Jagiellonian Republic based its structure on the following principles: He distinguished precisely between methods belonging to legal matters and methods proper to theology and philosophy.

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In the view of some, the Jagiellonian idea is considered as one concept and should be understood as such. Andrzej Maryniarczyk et al. I am of the opinion that the time has come to bring subjectivity to the forefront of our thinking and discourse.

Albany State University of Korporowicz jaskula stefanovic plichta jagiellonian ideas towards the challenges of modern times. Evil is thus the absence of good, he claimed. It is a deined research stance. Historians of Polish philosophy generally agree on the basic features of this current; they unanimously state that Cracovian practicism values practical sciences more than those which are theoretical, proclaims greater value of action than contemplation, puts vita activa over vita contemplativa, insists on political activity, puts virtue and good over cognition and truth, etc.

As long as one follows that path, they need not fear death or 3 Z. Here we reach the other experience, of fundamental nature for this paper — that of the phenomenological obviousness of shame as something that refers us to something still other, which in turn directs us towards the transcendental value of the human being. Markowski, Uniwersytet Krakowski…, p.

Development in the understanding of the Jagiellonian system of values is not the multiplication of goods, not the subordination of new groups or even nations, but the building of genuine relationships respecting the conditions on which the common good arises.


A social and unifying ni,omachejska he continuing process of Christianisation, the development of ruling dynasties, as well as territorial expansion was shown, on the one hand, by the continuity of the system and, on the other, by 2 See: If so, how should they be understood?

Bellum iustum versus bellum, p.

One could hardly call subjectivity the rare lull in an otherwise permanent torture brought about by contemplation or sacriice for others. Iwaszkiewicz, Warszawap. A similar type of process of reasoning was later used by the Spanish homists, headed by Francisco de Vitoria, defending the rights of Indians exterminated by the Spanish conquistadors.

However, researchers disagree on the amount of the metaphysical in practicism and, as a consequence, their opinion of practicism as a whole. One is tempted to note that the Nietzschean power seems rather weak, and what he deems weakness — oddly powerful. Augustine, referred back to Plato and his theory of ideas and universals.

It turns itself towards that which is concrete and appropriate, towards facts, actions and efectiveness. Perhaps this discourse, spanning centuries and thousands of kilo- metres, bears witness to an age-old tradition of opposing real evil; but it also shows that lack of acceptance for ideologies and practices that defy subjectivity is strong and lasting.

Each of these events was a separate, but at the same time corresponding experience, which participants found very interesting. Ironically, it is here that the idealist Rousseau spiritually meets the materialist Marx. But this is not the truth about man.

As the historian, Andrzej Nowak, remarks, the Polish Canon by defending the rights of the pagan Samogitians to administer their own lands became the nikomacyejska in Europe to proclaim in an international dispute the fundamental principle of the right of free nations to decide freely for themselves. Generally, this does not concern a change 24 See: However, outside of this context of subjectivity Nietzsche points out another — that of dissent for the world as it is.

In the context of creating a new community spirit and a common understanding of culture, the necessity appeared of continuing traditions, enriched, however, by innovation worked out by the experience of diversity in the space of social life.

A noteworthy factor is a very sig- niicant ingredient of European culture, that of Judaic, which otentimes sounds in beautiful harmony with Catholic thought.

However, if by interculturalism one understands the merging and coexistence of national and regional traditions, history, as well as spiritual and moral values, it is undoubtedly a growing phenomenon, one which is currently spreading on a global scale.


I will happily devote other papers to the ones I was forced to exclude here for reasons of space. Of fundamental value is non-instrumental attitude towards mikomachejska, responsiveness to their call.

Wielgus, he Medieval Polish Doctrine…, p. Types of communication activities. Cracovian practicism, as presented above, would require a careful accumulation of knowledge to be used in action, but in such a way that this action preserves 95 Ibid. In current transformations, the Internet has had and continues to have a particular part to play.

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Poland had then already developed appropriate legal principles which guaranteed those freedoms. At the same time, he considered to be invalid and not binding, any laws, privileges and entitlements which would lead to the killing of innocent people. Solutions to some of them, both intellectual and practical, are oten forgotten or even unknown, while others have gained stereotypical interpretations, which do not always correspond to the truth.

In this manner, one will be closer to the principles of integration and balance between objective, instrumental and, in fact, subjective values which we ind in a frequently reduced understanding of progress, or also growth regarding the economic or civilisation. Similar dilemmas accompanied philosophers, intellectuals and people of the culture of the Jagiellonian era, in particular, masters of the Jagiellonian University, who as part of their academic activity, laid out the main routes of political, as well as civic, individual or even moral and spiritual action.

In describing the content of the sermon, L. And let us add that this subject ater cancelling God went on to cancel itself — through the criticism of subjectivity, through the unconsciously suicidal orientation of the subject toward its own subjectivism, the expression of its tormented originality, autonomy and authenticity, etc. He can choose a monological relation with God and other people I — it or a dialogical one I — hou. Wawrzyniec argues that On the basis of his nature, man is the master of his actions,89 in order to show the natural tendency of man to manage himself and others.

A guilty and obstinate persistence in evil cannot be tolerated and should be opposed. In the relation I-hou true spiritual life of man is found. For Rosenzweig freedom is limited by the self-criticism of the subject, incorporated into an axiological order; yet the subject is still a separate entity, disconnected 23 F.